24+ years of experience 20,000+ patients treated. Insurance facility available Laparoscopic Piles repaire.

What is Piles?

Piles, also known as hemorrhoids, are swollen veins in the lower part of the anus and rectum. When the walls of these blood vessels stretch, they become irritated. Although piles can be uncomfortable and painful, they are treatable.

Types of Piles

Piles, also known as hemorrhoids, can be categorized into two main types, each with its own characteristics and symptoms. Understanding the types helps in determining the most effective treatment approach:

Internal Hemorrhoids:

Location: These hemorrhoids are located deep inside the rectum and are not visible from outside the anus.

Symptoms: Typically, internal hemorrhoids are painless. The most common symptom is painless bleeding during bowel movements—a person may notice small amounts of bright red blood on toilet paper or in the toilet bowl. However, if an internal hemorrhoid prolapses (extends outside the anal opening), it can cause pain and irritation.


  • Grade I: No prolapse.
  • Grade II: Prolapse upon defecation but retract spontaneously.
  • Grade III: Prolapse upon defecation and must be manually pushed back in.
  • Grade IV: Prolapse and cannot be manually reduced.

External Hemorrhoids:

Location: These are under the skin around the anus.

Symptoms: External hemorrhoids can be felt as bulges or lumps around the anus. They can cause itching, pain, and bleeding, especially when they become thrombosed, which means blood pools and clots in them. A thrombosed external hemorrhoid appears as a bluish-purple lump at the anal verge and is often very painful.

Understanding these types of piles is crucial for effective treatment and management, helping to alleviate symptoms and improve quality of life.

Treatments for Piles

Lux Hospitals offers a comprehensive and advanced treatment approach for piles, ensuring patients receive the best possible care based on the severity and type of their hemorrhoids. Here are some of the key treatment options available at Lux Hospitals:

Conservative Treatments:

  • Medications: Over-the-counter (OTC) or prescription medications to relieve pain, inflammation, and swelling.
  • Dietary Management: Guidance on high-fiber diets to help soften stools and reduce the strain that leads to hemorrhoids.
  • Hydration: Emphasis on adequate fluid intake to prevent constipation.
  • Sitz Baths: Warm water baths for the buttocks and hips to help reduce itching and irritation.

Minimally Invasive Procedures:

  • Rubber Band Ligation: A small band is placed around the base of the hemorrhoid inside the rectum to cut off its blood supply, causing the hemorrhoid to shrink and fall off.
  • Infrared Coagulation: Infrared light is used to heat and scar the hemorrhoid tissue, which cuts off blood flow to the hemorrhoid causing it to shrink.
  • Sclerotherapy: A chemical solution is injected into the hemorrhoid tissue to shrink it.

Advanced Surgical Treatments:

  • Hemorrhoidectomy: Surgical removal of excessive tissue that causes bleeding and protrusion. This procedure is generally reserved for more severe cases, particularly those that have not responded to other treatments.
  • Stapled Hemorrhoidopexy: A less painful alternative to traditional hemorrhoidectomy, this procedure uses a surgical staple to block blood flow to hemorrhoidal tissue.

Laser Treatments:

  • Laser Hemorrhoidoplasty: Lux Hospitals utilizes advanced laser technology to perform a minimally invasive procedure that effectively treats hemorrhoids by sealing the blood vessels without the need for cuts or stitches, ensuring less pain and faster recovery.

Customized Treatment Plans:

Each patient at Lux Hospitals receives a personalized treatment plan tailored to their specific condition and needs. This holistic approach includes not only medical treatments but also lifestyle and dietary advice to prevent recurrence.

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Why Lux

Lux Hospitals excels in piles treatment with expert colorectal specialists, advanced minimally invasive procedures, and state-of-the-art facilities. Each patient receives a personalized treatment plan, incorporating holistic care for long-term relief. Choose Lux Hospitals for comprehensive, effective, and compassionate care.

Causes of Piles

Piles, also known as hemorrhoids, are a common condition that can be caused by various factors contributing to increased pressure in the lower rectum. Understanding these causes of piles is crucial for effective prevention and treatment. Here are the main factors that lead to the development of piles:

Symptoms of piles

The symptoms of piles, or hemorrhoids, can vary depending on the type and severity of the condition. Here are the common symptoms associated with piles:

  1. Bleeding: One of the most noticeable symptoms is bleeding without pain. This often happens during bowel movements, where small amounts of bright red blood can be seen on toilet paper or in the toilet bowl.

  2. Itching and Irritation: The anal region may become itchy and irritated due to the presence of hemorrhoidal tissue, which can become inflamed and uncomfortable.

  3. Pain and Discomfort: While internal hemorrhoids often do not cause pain, external hemorrhoids located under the skin around the anus can be very painful, especially when sitting, walking, or during bowel movements.

  4. Swelling Around the Anus: There may be swelling or a hard lump around the anus, which is the result of a thrombosed hemorrhoid. This occurs when blood pools and clots in an external hemorrhoid, forming a painful lump.

  5. Prolapse: With internal hemorrhoids, a soft tissue may protrude outside the anus. This condition is known as a prolapsed hemorrhoid and can be felt as a bulge in the anus that may need to be manually pushed back after a bowel movement.

  6. Leakage: A less common symptom is fecal leakage. Hemorrhoids can cause difficulty cleaning after a bowel movement, leading to skin irritation and further discomfort.

Recognizing these symptoms early is crucial for effective treatment and can prevent the condition from worsening. If you experience any of these symptoms, particularly bleeding, it is important to consult a healthcare provider to confirm the diagnosis and receive appropriate care.

Tips to prevents piles

Preventing piles, or hemorrhoids, involves simple yet effective lifestyle and dietary changes. Here are key tips that can help minimize the risk and alleviate the symptoms of piles:
  1. Increase Fiber Intake: Consuming a high-fiber diet helps soften stools and increase their bulk, which can prevent straining during bowel movements. Foods rich in fiber include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes.
  2. Stay Hydrated: Drinking plenty of fluids, particularly water, helps prevent constipation, a major contributor to hemorrhoids. Aim for about 8 glasses of water a day.
  3. Exercise Regularly: Regular physical activity can help prevent constipation and reduce pressure on veins, which can occur with prolonged sitting and standing.
  4. Mind Your Toilet Habits:
  5. Avoid straining during bowel movements, as this creates pressure in the veins in the lower rectum.
  6. Don’t sit on the toilet longer than necessary because this increases pressure in the anal and rectal areas.
  7. Avoid Heavy Lifting: Lifting heavy objects can strain the lower body and increase the risk of piles. If lifting is unavoidable, use proper form and techniques.
  8. Maintain a Healthy Weight: Being overweight can increase pelvic pressure and the risk of developing hemorrhoids. Managing your weight through diet and exercise can help reduce this risk.
  9. Use the Bathroom Promptly: Ignoring the urge to have a bowel movement can lead to harder stools and more straining later, which can aggravate or lead to the development of piles.
  10. Consider Supplements: If you have difficulty getting enough fiber through your diet, consider fiber supplements. They can help maintain bowel health and reduce the risk of constipation.
  11. Manage Stress: Chronic stress can also contribute to constipation and, subsequently, piles. Techniques such as yoga, meditation, or regular exercise can help manage stress effectively.
By integrating these preventative measures into your daily routine, you can significantly reduce your risk of developing piles and maintain a healthy, active life. Lux Hospitals offers guidance and support in implementing these lifestyle changes to not only manage but prevent the occurrence of hemorrhoids.


Lux Hospitals offers a gentle, minimally intrusive treatment using the most recent laser technology since we recognise the suffering that piles can bring. Personalised treatment regimens are created by our committed specialists with your comfort and wellbeing in mind. With us, have a smooth recuperation. Visit Lux Hospitals right now to arrange a consultation or for more information.

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Dr. Abhishek

Consultant Colorectal & Laparoscopic Surgeon, Proctologist
Experience : 25 years

Dr. Samhitha

Consultant Colorectal & Laparoscopic Surgeon, Proctologist
Experience : 7 years

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MBBS, MD. Senior Consultant Anesthetist & Critical Care Specialist
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MBBS, MS (General Surgery),
FMAS, DMAS Senior Consultant
& Advanced Laparoscopic Surgeon.
Experience : 25 years

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